This is a complete list of eco-friendly non-toxic sofa brands.
I start with the best of the best non-toxic sofas, digging into what’s really in them, this is followed by a “next best” list, and then a look at some simpler and more affordable options.
Table of Contents
Non-Toxic Sofas and Couches – What to Look For:
- Natural cushion fill such as natural latex, cotton, down, and wool.
- No chemical/formaldehyde treatments on the fabric (such as stain and water-resistant coatings, especially per- and polyfluorinated substances – PFAS). PFAS on furniture will be banned by Minnesota in 2025, which will push the whole industry towards removing PFAS.
- Eco Leather – Conventional leather is made with toxic dyes and treatments. Some folks may find leather to be more hypoallergenic. Brands that use safe leather are covered in a dedicated post.
- Solid wood construction, not formaldehyde-filled pressed wood products. However, keep in mind that plywood is the norm as the base, even in brands that advertise a solid wood frame.
- Zero or low-VOC glues, stains, and varnishes
- Flame retardant free (my post on flame retardants goes into detail on which ones we want to avoid) but the picks here are all FR-free.
- Polyurethane does offgas at low levels, but I don’t rule it out completely. Make sure it is flame retardant free (“Soy Foam” is still polyurethane with some soy). I avoid memory foam which is higher in offgassing. Note that almost all foam can meet CertiPUR certification VOC levels, but the certification does help weed out abnormalities.
- GOTS Certified fabrics and GOLS certified latex are best – which are explained in this post on certifications. (GreenGuard Gold is not needed, every sofa can probably meet that level of offgassing; it’s more important that the foams and fabrics are certified). GOTS certified fabrics are free of PFAS.
- Oeko-Tex 100 fabrics for sofas will essentially be free of PFAS as of January 1, 2024.
Many of the companies below also offer upholstered chairs, recliners, and non-toxic sofa beds/sleeper sofas. You will have to choose between polyurethane or natural latex in the beds.
I recommend all of the products here, some products have affiliate programs and some do not. Upon purchase, I earn a small commission through affiliate links at no extra cost to you.
The 9 Top Non-Toxic Sofa Brands You Can Buy Online
Medley sofas are made with either polyurethane & polyester, or organic (GOLS certified) natural latex & wool, no-VOC glues, no flame retardants, fabric options that are all-natural or organic (none contain PFAS), solid alder frames with natural or zero-VOC finishes, and organic cotton internal frame lining.
They offer a sample kit which is really helpful for those who want to check out the materials first. If you are looking for a hypoallergenic option this sample box will help to narrow in on what you are allergic to. Medley is a top pick for most people with allergies and sensitivities.
They carry loveseats, standard size sofas, sectionals, and sleeper sofas.
They offer leather as an upholstery option. One option they have is vegetable-tanned and chrome-free, which is the best there is. (I talk more about safe leather in the leather furniture post).
Made in the USA. Delivery to the US, Canada, and beyond.
Start at $2100
Shop at Medley
2. The Futon Shop
The Futon Shop has a number of sofa lines.
They are made with solid pine (no glues) and have various options for the fill. The seat cushion fill options include wool with coils, wool, and latex, or all three. You can change the main fill to PLA (a more natural polyester) or upgrade to organic wool and latex. (PLA, despite being a polyester, can be more hypoallergenic for some sensitive folks than natural materials like wool or latex).
The base arms and back of the sofa are made with natural latex, coconut coir, and natural wool encased in fabric.
The fabric options include organic cotton, linen, and wool. They said all their fabrics are free of PFAS.
They make upholstered chairs, loveseats, sofas, and sectionals.
Made in the USA they can provide you with a quote if you are shipping outside of the contiguous 48 states.
Start at $2200 for the sofas.
3. Savvy Rest
The Verona Sofa from Savvy Rest is made with only solid maple in the frame (no plywood or particleboard), GOTS-certified organic upholstery (hemp and/or cotton), natural latex options for the cushions, and the option of linseed oil, a zero-VOC stain or unfinished feet.
No flame retardants are used and there are no stain-resistant coatings.
They make sofas, loveseats, and upholstered chairs.
Made in America they ship to all states and Canada.
Prices start at $3700 for the three seater.
These handmade, customized sofas are high quality and made with traditional methods – and that means less glue and more material options.
They use organic wool, organic cotton, GOLS certified organic natural Dunlop latex, and GOTS certified fabrics, free of PFAS. No flame retardants are used anywhere. Kapok and down are offered in some configurations.
They use non-toxic zero-VOC glues and Rubio Monocoat stains. They can use a different finish if the customer is sensitive to Rubio, or they can leave it unfinished. Solid wood frames are made of alder and beech, ash is usually used for the legs.
They can also accommodate a latex allergy by completely leaving out and replacing the latex.
They make 3 seaters, loveseats, and sectionals. (They also make chairs, ottomans, bed frames, and headboards).
They make leather sofas with EcoPell leather which is unsealed, vegetable-tanned, and free of heavy metals. It’s the only truly safe leather on the list – I go into detail on why that is here.
This is the most customizable brand on the list. The Essential Collection is more of option than a collection, and is a more affordable option.
Handmade in Seattle, they ship to all states and to Canada.
Start at $5000
Sabai sofas are made with recycled fabrics (some from polyethylene water bottles), and the fabric contains no stain guard treatments like PFAS.
They use FSC-certified plywood inside the soda, Certified-PUR foam, no glues in the sofa at all, and the stain on the legs is low-VOC.
A nice bonus is that 90% of the materials are sourced within 100 miles of production.
They do not use any flame retardants.
Prices start at $1445, use this link for $60 off.
Pure sofas are made with organic latex with a feather and down wrap, solid maple wood, organic wool, GOTS certified organic cotton (no PFAS in that), GreenGuard certified water-based glue, and Rubio Monocoat wood finish on legs. No flame retardants are used.
They offer sofas, loveseats, sectionals, and some sleeper sofas.
Made in America. They ship to the 48 contiguous states. It’s possible to order one to Canada but you need a customs broker.
Start at $2600
You can mention My Chemical-Free House for 5% off.
7. Cisco Home
Cisco Home sofas are either the Essentials Collection or they can be made with the Inside Green option. The base line is called Essentials Collection which contains hardwood (no plywood), typically alder or maple, polyurethane foam, and cushions with goose feathers & down. Fabrics are washed to remove any residual dust or chemicals.
The Inside Green option contains organic natural latex instead of polyurethane, wrapped in either eco wool or feathers & down. They use certified solid woods, organic cotton fabrics with no toxic treatments, jute and hemp instead of springs, and WOCA natural stains.
No flame retardants are used in the Inside Green option or the regular option.
They make upholstered chairs, sofas, loveseats, and sectionals.
Made in the USA. Sold at locations throughout the US and Canada and online through Urban Natural.
Starts at $3600 for the Essentials Collection.
8. Carolina Morning
The wooden structure is made from regionally harvested Appalachian poplar wood, finished with Vermont Natural Coatings finish.
The futon covers are an organic 100% cotton canvas (in eight colors), and they are filled with kapok fiber. The kapok is grown without herbicides and pesticides. Their organic fabrics are GOTS certified, they won’t be treated with PFAS.
Carolina Morning sofas are made with the chemically sensitive in mind, and they go to good lengths to keep out added chemicals.
Cost is $2,970
9. Roger + Chris
Roger + Chris make handmade customizable sofas that are high quality.
The frame is solid wood with no plywood or other engineered wood. The standard cushion option is high-density polyurethane foam, with lower-density foam laminated to that, and wrapped in feathers and down. You can change that out for a softer foam or for natural latex (for a uncharge).
They do offer some fabrics that are free of PFAS like Supreen and no flame retardants are used.
Starting at $1800
GreenRow is a Williams-Sonoma company. They offer natural latex with down as a cushion option alongside the usual CertiPUR polyurethane foam option.
The frames are wrapped in natural coir, wool, and jute padding.
The fabric options include recycled cotton and recycled polyester, though I have not heard back from the reps on if they are PFAS-free.
Prices start at $3700.
Next Best Options
These are my criteria for the next best options:
- No use of per-and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is a top priority in terms of avoiding persistent chemicals. Only a few sofa brands beyond the above nine options are free of PFAS. (New laws banning PFAS in 2025 will change the industry).
- Solid wood or plywood inside the sofa is preferred. Particleboard and formaldehyde-free MDF can be considered as the next best choices, but they have more offgassing.
- No flame retardants.
- No memory foam (that is higher in offgassing than regular foam).
1. Pottery Barn Eco Sofa
Pottery Barn has options that I would consider in their green line. The down blend is 50% polyester fiber, 45% duck feather, and 5% duck down. It sounds like the down is wrapped around polyurethane foam. Memory foam does tend to have higher offgassing than regular polyurethane.
They use solid wood inside the construction (though I would expect some engineered wood as well like plywood) and some of the fabric options are free of PFAS like the Sunbrella options. Crypton might also be free of PFAS (there is conflicting info on the website but the latest email from them does seem to support it being free of PFAS).
At West Elm (which is owned by the same company as Pottery Barn) you might check out some of their Sunbrella fabrics as well.
2. Burrow Sofas
Burrow sofas are free of PFAS the olefin fabrics contain a more natural stain-repellant. The website says they use solid wood inside the sofa, but like almost all brands, they also use plywood (looks like plywood with fiberboard layers). Most of their furniture contains formaldehyde-free MDF (medium density fibreboard).
Starting at $1500, you can get $75 off with this link.
3. IKEA Sofas
The standard IKEA sofas (i.e. not the futons) are made with particleboard, which offgasses some formaldehyde; regular polyester fabric not treated with perfluorinated chemicals (including PFAS like PFOS, PFOA, PFOSA); and polyurethane foam cushions which are low in offgassing and free of flame retardants in North America. (In other countries that require flame retardants IKEA does have to use them).
The main difference between IKEA and some of the other “greener” brands is the use of particleboard.
IKEA sells loveseats, sofas, sectionals, sofa beds, upholstered chairs, and recliners.
4. Crate and Barrel
Crate and Barrel eliminated PFAS and flame retardants from their upholstery. (However, I did hear from one of the fabric makers that they do use PFAS in 2021: Babyletto’s fabric company Livesmart by Culp confirmed that the Crate and Kids Babyletto Kiwi is made with .15% PFAS. But as of 20223 the Livesmart website says they are free of PFAS).
Some of the sofas I looked at had engineered wood (plywood probably) and some were labeled as solid wood inside.
There was standard polyurethane foam on the ones I reviewed, with no flame retardants.
The fabric swatches had an odor that was hard to describe, something similar to a very light rubber smell.
They sell sofas, loveseats, sectionals, sleeper sofas, upholstered chairs, and recliners.
5. Room and Board
Room and Board has also eliminated PFAS from their fabrics according to a industry document and this was confirmed in writing by their product reps. However, they told a reader that the Advantage stain repellent is “like Teflon” (see comments) which is a PFAS (!).
Some of the fabrics are GreenGuard Gold certified but I couldn’t pick up any major difference between those and their regular fabrics in terms of offgassing.
The frames are made from solid wood. The foam is regular polyurethane that is free of flame retardants, I did not see any memory foam options.
They sell sofas, loveseats, sectionals, day beds, sofa beds, upholstered chairs, and recliners.
6. Inside Weather
Inside Weather uses PFAS-free fabric. The rest of the materials are standard. They do offer regular polyurethane or memory foam. With memory foam usually being higher in offfgassing.
7. Maiden Home
Only some of Maiden Home’s fabrics are free of PFAS. The Mohair, Merino, and Italian Boucle collections are free of PFAS (these are the non-performance fabrics). Performance Woven Chenille is a performance fabric that is free of PFAS. Their other fabrics do have PFAS in the stain guard coatings.
8. Lee Industries
Currently Lee Industries has some outdated info on their page about materials. They no longer offer organic fabrics or soy-based glues. Fabrics that are not performance fabrics in the Lee Line are PFAS-free. The Crypton and Revolution fabrics are also PFAS-free, says a rep.
Lee uses waters-based glues on the engineered wood frames, and aerosol glues where the poly needs to be attached to the frame.
The wood is a mix of solid and engineered wood.
Apt2B produces the majority of their living room upholstery products in Los Angeles. These models do not contain formaldehyde, flame retardants, PFAS, or high-VOC glues.
10. Vegan Polyurethane Leather Couches
This is not a brand, but a type of sofa to look for that I consider non-toxic and safe is a polyurethane (PU) faux leather sofa.
Whenever looking at faux leather check to see what kind of plastic it is. It could be PVC (polyvinyl chloride), PU, or nylon. I avoid PVC faux leather.
I like PU because it doesn’t contain plasticizers, PFAS, or other stain guard chemicals, it’s extremely low odor – and even that will pass soon. It is also quite a good block of VOCs or semi-VOCs that could be coming from inside the couch.
- Elodie Finch makes a cute PU leather sofa
- Pottery Barn Teen makes a really cool lounger chair out of PU
Since 2022 Target has eliminated PFAs from textiles so the couches should be free of these “forever chemicals”. The rest of the materials are not spelled out in detail, but we can assume they use conventional materials with engineered wood inside since there is a Prop 65 warning for formaldehyde. The prices here rival IKEA.
Conventional Sofas That Did Not Make The List
Brands like Sixpenny, Cozey, Scandinavian Designs/Dania Furniture, Ashley Furniture, Ethan Allen, Joybird, Luonto, Eco Rowe, Serena and Lilly, Arhaus, and others did not make my list because:
- To make the second “next best” list they must be free of PFAS
- To make the first “best of” list they must be free of PFAS and have two additional non-toxic features such as a natural latex option, organic fabrics, solid wood with no plywood, or safer glues & safer stains.
Conventional sofas materials include:
- Polyurethane foam (regular or memory foam). “Soy foam” also referred to as “plant-based foam” is still polyurethane. No flame retardant is the standard now (no one in North America has flame retardants in their foam). CertiPUR is also standard.
- Solid wood (kiln-dried hardwood or softwood) + plywood in higher-end brands and particleboard in lower end brands is standard.
- Fabrics treated with PFAS stain-resistant coating is the norm unless they state otherwise.
- Water-based glues are standard.
- Water-based stains or low-VOC stains can still be conventional (though they are better than solvent-based stains for sure).
Alternative Sofa Options: Simple and Affordable
The more components you have inside a typical sofa, the more offgassing you have from pressed wood products, stains, and glues. Futons eliminate pressed wood products and cut down on glues used. They often don’t have stains. Metal frames eliminate all offgassing of both stains and wood glues.
You can buy simple futon bases made of solid wood or metal from Amazon or IKEA.
The IKEA NYHAMN little futon goes for $550. This has a metal frame and only a small amount of polyurethane foam (no flame retardants). This option cuts back on other toxic materials used in regular sofas.
A simple option like this can be quite non-toxic and offgas rather quickly, especially after a little time airing out. The more polyurethane, the more you have to offgas.
Cotton and Wool Futons
A typical futon is filled with cotton or wool (or in one case kapok) and has no foam of any kind and no springs. My article on futons compares a number of options in this category.
Some of the metal daybed frames will accommodate a MondoKing Thermarest.
One major benefit of outdoor furniture is the simplicity of the design. They have metal, plastic or solid wood as the base.
Outdoor cushions are made with either polyurethane or polyester fill and the covers are a water-proofed fabric that often contains PFCs. Offgassing from cushions used outside is not usually a concern but persistent chemicals like PFCs and PFAS are in my opinion.
IKEA outdoor furniture is free of PFCs.
Sumbrella fabrics are free of fluorochemicals and are PFC-free (free of fluorochemicals should mean PFAS-free as well as PFC-free).
Corinne Segura is a Building Biologist Practitioner with 8 years of experience helping others create healthy homes
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